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How to Make the Perfect Pie Dough

Written by Leslie Lichtenberg.

This is my Kitchen Aid stand mixer. Bright, cheery, promise of all things sweet, sticky, crumbly, flaky and satisfying. But until very recently, this trusty kitchen tool was more like my personal "Dr. Doom".

I kid you not; this gadget frightened and intimidated me. My inability (read: refusal) to use it, evidenced by its perpetual, almost mocking gleam -- no caked-on residue here -- was made all the worse by my ignorance. I could not distinguish between a dough hook and a paddle attachment, much less figure out how to use them.

The truth is, there comes a certain level of expectation among family and friends when you spend an inordinate amount of time in the kitchen, like I do. While my cooking seemed to produce consistently positive results, there was no denying that question marks hung in the air of my overheated, active kitchen: Is anything sweet or otherwise dessert-like ever going to come out of those ovens? It was time to (wo)man up.

Fortunately, the baking gods sent me a sign. The venerable Culinary Institute of America was offering a "Best Of" boot camp for food enthusiasts (see Never Too Late Risotto), with an entire day devoted to pastry and desserts! There it was in black and white: my baking lifeline. If a world renowned institute of culinary training couldn't beat me into submission and encourage me to finally take that stand mixer for a spin, there truly was no hope for me.

As it turns out, this story has a happy ending. I returned home from the Culinary armed with knowledge, skills, tricks and tips, and most important, self-belief -- perhaps even a little moxie. Now I can't seem to keep my measuring cups out of the flour canister. There isn't a pie, savory or sweet, that I won't try. And since so often these confections begin with the perfect dough, I am sharing this simple recipe with you. Once you've conquered this surprisingly easy skill, the sky's the limit. It is my hope that the following primer will help take you there.

Perfect Pie Dough Every Time

There are few, if any, variations among the ingredients and methods in most of the pie dough recipes I've seen and tried. Some bakers insist on using lard if an especially flaky crust is what you're after, but I believe that butter provides all the flakiness you need. There is also some discourse about the benefits of hand blending versus food processing. I don't think you can go wrong either way, but a quick whiz in the Cuisinart is certainly faster. Additionally, some recipes include both all-purpose and cake flour; again, either or both will work. My trusted source for a perfectly flaky pie crust is How to Cook Everything, by Mark Bittman.


  • 1 cup plus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour (you will need more for rolling out the dough)
  • 1/2 teaspoons salt
  • 1 teaspoons sugar (optional; I do not use unless I am making an especially sweet crust)
  • 8 tablespoons (1 stick) cold, unsalted butter, cut into small pieces
  • 3 tablespoons ice water, plus more if necessary

Combine flour, salt and sugar (if using) in a food processor and pulse once or twice. Add the butter bits and turn on the machine, processing until the butter and flour are blended and the mixture resembles cornmeal. This should only take several seconds; do not over-process. Add the ice water and pulse a few more times until the dough just starts to come together and form a ball.  Add water if necessary to hold dough together, but avoid adding too much. If you do and the mixture becomes sodden, add a bit more flour.

Remove dough ball from food processor and wrap it in plastic wrap. Avoid over-handling the dough. Refrigerate dough for at least 30 minutes (and up to 3 days) before proceeding with your recipe.

Leslie Lichtenberg
Leslie Lichtenberg

Leslie has been working as a writer and communications professional for the last 25 years, primarily in the areas of education, health care and the non-profit arena. Her two greatest passions are food and writing. More specifically, she is interested in the politics of food, localism, sustainability, and food justice. She's also a voracious reader/.. Read more

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